What are the causes of air pollution?
Here are the fundamental causes of air pollution.
The increasing association and alliance of the world’s economic order through diminution of such obstructions and barriers to international trade as tariffs, export fees, and import quotas, is globalization. The objective is to flourish, increase material wealth, goods, and services by means of an international division of labour, catalysed by international relations, specialization, and battle.
Globalization has, in a way, become a catalyst of air pollution because of its aim of improving the industry and economy. Big industry takes advantage of lenient and careless environmental regulations in developing nations and moves its manufacturing facilities to such “pollution havens” from where air pollution passes through around the world, without any repercussions for the company itself.
While air pollution causes may be both natural and man-made, it is indisputably the human activity which is the largest source of atmospheric pollution. The constant growth of population increases the demand for food and other goods, which results in expanded production and utilization of more natural resources. This then leads to higher levels of atmospheric pollution. Population growth is the ultimate pollution root cause. The demand for food and other goods goes up with the population numbers, which are in essence exploding around the world. This demand is met by expanded production and use of natural resources, which leads to higher levels of ecological pollution in general, and air pollution in particular.
This refers to the process of social and economic revolution that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial one. It is indeed a part of a wider modernization process, where social change and economic development are directly linked with technological and industrial innovation, particularly with the development of large-scale energy and metallurgy construction. The wide-ranging organization of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing is called industrialization.
Industrialization has produced and led to its own health problems, and has become a major medical issue worldwide. Industrialization set in motion the prevalent use of fossil fuels, which are now the major cause of pollution as we know it.
More countries begin to develop; consequently, the pollution only gets larger. It is making it harder to improve the air. As the economy rises, the amount of fossil fuels being burned daily also increases. There is still the question of whether or not financial development could even be possible while we try protecting the atmosphere. The fact that developed countries are competing instead of working together is a big problem. Even though some countries work together, there is still insufficient participation among other countries to perform any far-reaching, harsh changes.
There is the launch of chemicals or biological materials, that trigger harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms or damage to the natural environment, into the atmosphere.
These are some of the air pollutants.
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), which is a colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odour. It is very corrosive to organic materials. SO2 irritates the eyes, nose and lungs, and therefore it is quite an unsafe air pollutant.
Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) is created by the combustion of all fossil fuels together with coal and gas-fired power stations and motor vehicles.
Carbon Monoxide is an extremely lethal or toxic gas which has no color, odor or taste. Fossil fuel combustion generally produces carbon dioxide (CO2), but at times, when such combustion is curtailed, it also becomes a source of carbon monoxide.
Earth has many environmental problems and dilemmas. The planet is suffering terribly from the many problems that people are causing. Pollution has been acknowledged to exist for many centuries, yet it has only become an issue of serious concern within the last 200 years or so, customarily due to the industrial revolution.
One of the problems that our planet faces is air pollution. Do you know that an average person will inhale about 20,000 liters of air every day? Every time you breathe, you take the risk of inhaling hazardous chemicals that have found their way into the air.
Air pollution contains all contaminants that can be found in the environment, especially the atmosphere. These hazardous substances can be either in the form of gases or particles. Furthermore, air pollution is a discharge into the atmosphere of any substances like chemicals or airborne particles, which are destructive both to human and animal health as well as the well-being of the larger environment.
Pollution in the air takes place because the release of air impurities occurs at a rate that is much faster than can be accommodated by the environment and removed from the atmosphere without instigating severe harm.
Atmospheric pollution stems from all the parts of the world and travels around without recognizing boundaries or restrictions.
Whenever people think about air pollution, they usually associate the idea with smog, acid rain, CFC’s, and other forms of outdoor air pollution. What they do not know is that air pollution can be caused both outdoors and indoors. The contaminant and pollutants can be confined inside buildings, causing indoor pollution that persists for a long time.
The sources of air pollution are either natural or human-based. As one might expect, humans have been creating increasing amounts of pollution as time has progressed, and they now account for the majority of pollutants being discharged into the air.
The effects of air pollution are diverse and many. Air pollution can have serious costs, penalties, and consequences for the health of human beings, and also ruthlessly distresses the natural bio-network and ecosystems.
Since it is positioned in the atmosphere, air pollution is capable of travelling very effortlessly. Thus, air pollution is a global crisis and has been the subject of worldwide co-operation and divergence.
Some areas are now suffering more than others from air pollution. Cities which have large numbers of auto-mobiles or those that use great quantities of petroleum, coal, or gas often output the most severe forms of air pollution.